Subfamily: Densovirinae

Genus: Brevidensovirus


Distinguishing features

Viruses in this genus can infect a wide range of mosquitos, but natural infection appears confined to a single host species. They have small heterotelomeric genomes of around 4 kb, encapsidate predominantly (85%) negative-sense DNA, and lack a recognizable PLA2 domain. They share a deep branch of the phylogenetic tree with members of two other parvovirus genera, Hepandensovirus and Penstyldensovirus, whose members are only known to infect shrimp (Figures 5. Parvoviridae and 6A. Parvoviridae).  


See discussion under family description

Genome organization and replication 

As shown in Figure 3. Parvoviridae, the short (~4 kb) heterotelomeric genomes of the brevidensoviruses are capped by small disparate hairpin termini of ~146 nt and ~164 nt at the left and right ends. Transcription is monosense, with overlapping promoters at map units 7 and 7.5, giving rise to mRNAs encoding NS1 and NS2, and another at map unit 60 that accesses the exceptionally short capsid protein sequence that is characteristic of these viruses (Boublik et al., 1994, Pham et al., 2013a)


See discussion under family description 

Species demarcation criteria

Viruses within a species are monophyletic and encode replication initiator proteins (called NS1 or Rep1, 68, or 78) that show >85% amino acid sequence identity. 

Member species

The Member Species table enumerating important virus exemplars classified under each species of the genus is provided at the bottom of the page.