References: Viroids


Ambrós, S., C. Hernández, J. C. Desvignes and R. Flores (1998). Genomic structure of three phenotypically different isolates of peach latent mosaic viroid: implications of the existence of constraints limiting the heterogeneity of viroid quasispecies. J Virol 72: 7397-406. [PubMed]

Catalán, P., S. F. Elena, J. A. Cuesta and S. Manrubia (2019). Parsimonious scenario for the emergence of viroid-like replicons de novo. Viruses 11: 425. [PubMed]

Codoñer, F. M., J. A. Darós, R. V. Solé and S. F. Elena (2006). The fittest versus the flattest: experimental confirmation of the quasispecies effect with subviral pathogens. PLoS Pathog 2: e136. [PubMed]

Csorba, T., L. Kontra and J. Burgyán (2015). Viral silencing suppressors: Tools forged to fine-tune host-pathogen coexistence. Virology 479-480: 85-103. [PubMed]

Dadami, E., A. Dalakouras and M. Wassenegger (2017). Viroids and RNA silencing. In Viroids and Satellites, pp. 115-124. Edited by A. Hadidi, R. Flores, J. Randles & P. Paukaitis. Oxford, UK: Academic Press.

de la Peña, M., B. Navarro and R. Flores (1999). Mapping the molecular determinant of pathogenicity in a hammerhead viroid: a tetraloop within the in vivo branched RNA conformation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 9960-5. [PubMed]

Di Serio, F., S. Ambrós, T. Sano, R. Flores and B. Navarro (2018). Viroid diseases in pome and stone fruit trees and Koch's postulates: a critical assessment. Viruses 10: 612. [PubMed] 

Diener, T. O.  (1971). Potato spindle tuber "virus". IV. A replicating, low molecular weight RNA. Virology 45: 411-28. [PubMed]

Diener, T. O.  (1989). Circular RNAs: relics of precellular evolution? Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 86: 9370-4. [PubMed]

Ding, B.  (2010). Viroids: self-replicating, mobile, and fast-evolving noncoding regulatory RNAs. Wiley interdisciplinary reviews RNA 1: 362-75. [PubMed]

Duran-Vila, N., C. Roistacher, R. Rivera-Bustamante and J. Semancik (1988). A definition of citrus viroid groups and their relationship to the exocortis disease. J Gen Virol 69: 3069-3080.

Elena, S. F., J. Dopazo, M. de la Peña, R. Flores, T. O. Diener and A. Moya (2001). Phylogenetic analysis of viroid and viroid-like satellite RNAs from plants: a reassessment. J Mol Evol 53: 155-9. [PubMed]

Elena, S. F., J. Dopazo, R. Flores, T. O. Diener and A. Moya (1991). Phylogeny of viroids, viroidlike satellite RNAs, and the viroidlike domain of hepatitis delta virus RNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 88: 5631-4. [PubMed]

Flores, R., S. Gago-Zachert, P. Serra, R. Sanjuán and S. F. Elena (2014). Viroids: survivors from the RNA world? Annu Rev Microbiol 68: 395-414. [PubMed]

Flores, R., M. E. Gas, D. Molina-Serrano, M. A. Nohales, A. Carbonell, S. Gago, M. De la Pena and J. A. Daros(2009). Viroid replication: rolling-circles, enzymes and ribozymes. Viruses 1: 317-34. [PubMed]

Flores, R., S. Minoia, A. Carbonell, A. Gisel, S. Delgado, A. López-Carrasco, B. Navarro and F. Di Serio (2015). Viroids, the simplest RNA replicons: How they manipulate their hosts for being propagated and how their hosts react for containing the infection. Virus Res 209: 136-45. [PubMed]

Flores, R., B. Navarro, S. Delgado, P. Serra and F. Di Serio (2020). Viroid pathogenesis: a critical appraisal of the role of RNA silencing in triggering the initial molecular lesion. FEMS Microbiol Rev 44: 386-398. [PubMed] 

Flores, R., P. Serra, S. Minoia, F. Di Serio and B. Navarro (2012). Viroids: from genotype to phenotype just relying on RNA sequence and structural motifs. Front Microbiol 3: 217. [PubMed]

Galindo, J. A., C. Lopez and T. Aguilar (1989). Discovery of the transmitting agent of tomato planta macho viroid. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatologia 7: 61-65. 

Gardner, R. C., K. R. Chonoles and R. A. Owens (1986). Potato spindle tuber viroid infections mediated by the Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Plant Mol Biol 6: 221-8. [PubMed]

Gross, H. J., H. Domdey, C. Lossow, P. Jank, M. Raba, H. Alberty and H. L. Sänger (1978). Nucleotide sequence and secondary structure of potato spindle tuber viroid. Nature 273: 203-8. [PubMed]

Jenkins, G. M., C. H. Woelk, A. Rambaut and E. C. Holmes (2000). Testing the extent of sequence similarity among viroids, satellite RNAs, and hepatitis delta virus. J Mol Evol 50: 98-102. [PubMed]

López-Carrasco, A. and R. Flores (2017). Dissecting the secondary structure of the circular RNA of a nuclear viroid in vivo: A naked rod-like conformation similar but not identical to that observed in vitro. RNA Biol 14: 1046-1054. [PubMed]

Marquez-Molins, J., J. A. Navarro, V. Pallas and G. Gomez (2019). Highly efficient construction of infectious viroid-derived clones. Plant methods 15: 87. [PubMed]

Matousek, J., P. Kozlová, L. Orctová, A. Schmitz, K. Pesina, O. Bannach, N. Diermann, G. Steger and D. Riesner (2007). Accumulation of viroid-specific small RNAs and increase in nucleolytic activities linked to viroid-caused pathogenesis. Biol Chem 388: 1-13. [PubMed] 

Matousek, J., L. Orctová, G. Steger and D. Riesner (2004). Biolistic inoculation of plants with viroid nucleic acids. J Virol Methods 122: 153-64. [PubMed]

Navarro, B., L. Rubino and F. Di Serio (2017). Small circular satellite RNAs. In Viroids and Satellites, pp. 659-669. Edited by A. Hadidi, R. Flores, J. W. Randles & Paukaitis P. Oxford, UK: Academic Press.  

Pallás, V. and G. Gómez (2017). Viroid Movement. In Viroids and Satellites pp. 83-91. Edited by A. Hadidi, R. Flores, J. Randles & P. Paukaitis. Oxford, UK: Academic Press.

Palukaitis, P.  (1987). Potato spindle tuber viroid: Investigation of the long-distance, intra-plant transport route. Virology 158: 239-41. [PubMed]

Randles, J., G. Boccardo, M. Retuerma and E. Rillo (1977). Transmission of the RNA species associated with cadang-cadang of coconut palm, and the insensitivity of the disease to antibiotics. Phytopathology 67: 1211-1216. 

Salazar, L., R. Hammond, T. Diener and R. Owens (1988). Analysis of viroid replication following Agrobacterium-mediated inoculation of non-host species with potato spindle tuber viroid cDNA. J Gen Virol 69: 879-889.  

Sanger, H. L., G. Klotz, D. Riesner, H. J. Gross and A. K. Kleinschmidt (1976). Viroids are single-stranded covalently closed circular RNA molecules existing as highly base-paired rod-like structures. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A73: 3852-6. [PubMed]

Schnölzer, M., B. Haas, K. Raam, H. Hofmann and H. L. Sänger (1985). Correlation between structure and pathogenicity of potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTV). EMBO J 4: 2181-90. [PubMed] 

Škorić, D. (2017). Viroid biology. In Viroids and Satellites, pp. 53-61. Edited by A. Hadidi, R. Flores, J. W. Randles & P. Paukaitis. Oxford, UK: Academic Press.

Steger, G. and J. P. Perreault (2016). Structure and associated biological functions of viroids. Adv Virus Res 94: 141-72. [PubMed] 

Steger, G., D. Riesner, M. C. Maurel and J. P. Perreault (2017). Viroid structure. In Viroids and Satellites pp. 63-70. Edited by A. Hadidi, R. Flores, J. W. Randles & P. Paukaitis. Oxford, UK: Academic Press.

Steyn, C., G. Cook, J. Burger and H. Maree (2016). Construction and application of infectious citrus viroids for biological indexing. Journal of Citrus Pathology 3:

Symons, R. H. and J. W. Randles (1999). Encapsidated circular viroid-like satellite RNAs (virusoids) of plants. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 239: 81-105. [PubMed]

Wang, M. B., X. Y. Bian, L. M. Wu, L. X. Liu, N. A. Smith, D. Isenegger, R. M. Wu, C. Masuta, V. B. Vance, J. M. Watson, A. Rezaian, E. S. Dennis and P. M. Waterhouse (2004). On the role of RNA silencing in the pathogenicity and evolution of viroids and viral satellites. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101: 3275-80. [PubMed] 

Wang, Y., C. L. Zirbel, N. B. Leontis and B. Ding (2018). RNA 3-dimensional structural motifs as a critical constraint of viroid RNA evolution. PLoS Pathog 14: e1006801. [PubMed]