Family: Chuviridae

Genus: Pediavirus


Distinguishing features

Pediaviruses are primarily distinguished from viruses of other genera in the family based on nucleic acid sequence and organization differences (Di Paola et al., 2022). Members of the genus Pediavirus have L protein sequences that are >31% identical to each other.

Genome organization and replication

Pediaviruses have nonsegmented linear genomes of about 11.1 kb with three ORFs encoding a glycoprotein (GP), a large (L) protein with an RNA-directed RNA polymerase (RdRP) domain, and a protein of unknown function (Shi et al., 2016). The replication cycle of pediaviruses remains to be elucidated.


The only classified pediavirus, Běihǎi barnacle virus 9 (BhBV9), has been associated with unspecified barnacles (Cirripedia) in China (Shi et al., 2016).

Species demarcation criteria

New pediavirus species should be established when the amino-acid identities of their complete L protein sequences are <90% compared to other viruses in the genus (Di Paola et al., 2022).