References: Togaviridae


Ahola, T. & Kaariainen, L. (1995).  Reaction in alphavirus mRNA capping: formation of a covalent complex of nonstructural protein nsP1 with 7-methyl-GMP. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 92, 507-511. [PubMed]

Arrigo, N. C., Adams, A. P. & Weaver, S. C. (2010).  Evolutionary patterns of eastern equine encephalitis virus in North versus South America suggest ecological differences and taxonomic revision. J Virol 84, 1014-1025. [PubMed]

Calisher, C. H., Kinney, R. M., de Souza Lopes, O., Trent, D. W., Monath, T. P. & Francy, D. B. (1982).  Identification of a new Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus from Brazil. Am J Trop Med Hyg 31, 1260-1272. [PubMed]

Causey, O. R., Casals, J., Shope, R. E. & Udomsakdi, S. (1963).  Aura and Una, two new group A arthropod-borne viruses. Am J Trop Med Hyg 12, 777-781. [PubMed]

Cheng, R. H., Kuhn, R. J., Olson, N. H., Rossmann, M. G., Choi, H. K., Smith, T. J. & Baker, T. S. (1995).  Nucleocapsid and glycoprotein organization in an enveloped virus. Cell 80, 621-630. [PubMed]

Choi, H. K., Tong, L., Minor, W., Dumas, P., Boege, U., Rossmann, M. G. & Wengler, G. (1991).  Structure of Sindbis virus core protein reveals a chymotrypsin-like serine proteinase and the organization of the virion. Nature 354, 37-43. [PubMed]

Firth, A. E., Chung, B. Y., Fleeton, M. N. & Atkins, J. F. (2008).  Discovery of frameshifting in Alphavirus 6K resolves a 20-year enigma. Virol J 5, 108. [PubMed]

Frey, T. K. (1994).  Molecular biology of rubella virus. Adv Virus Res 44, 69-160. [PubMed]

Frolova, E. I., Gorchakov, R., Pereboeva, L., Atasheva, S. & Frolov, I. (2010).  Functional Sindbis virus replicative complexes are formed at the plasma membrane. J Virol 84, 11679-11695. [PubMed]

Gliedman, J. B., Smith, J. F. & Brown, D. T. (1975).  Morphogenesis of Sindbis virus in cultured Aedes albopictus cells. J Virol 16, 913-926. [PubMed]

Gonzalez, M. E. & Carrasco, L. (2003).  Viroporins. FEBS Lett 552, 28-34. [PubMed]

Hayes, R. O., Francy, D. B., Lazuick, J. S., Smith, G. C. & Gibbs, E. P. J. (1977).  Role of the cliff swallow bug (Oeciacus vicarius) in the natural cycle of a western equine encephalitis-related alphavirus. Journal of Medical Entomology 14, 257-262

Hernandez, R., Ferreira, D., Sinodis, C., Litton, K. & Brown, D. T. (2005).  Single amino acid insertions at the junction of the sindbis virus E2 transmembrane domain and endodomain disrupt virus envelopment and alter infectivity. J Virol 79, 7682-7697. [PubMed]

Jose, J., Przybyla, L., Edwards, T. J., Perera, R., Burgner, J. W., 2nd & Kuhn, R. J. (2012).  Interactions of the cytoplasmic domain of Sindbis virus E2 with nucleocapsid cores promote alphavirus budding. J Virol 86, 2585-2599. [PubMed]

Jose, J., Snyder, J. E. & Kuhn, R. J. (2009).  A structural and functional perspective of alphavirus replication and assembly. Future Microbiol 4, 837-856. [PubMed]

Kalvodova, L., Sampaio, J. L., Cordo, S., Ejsing, C. S., Shevchenko, A. & Simons, K. (2009).  The lipidomes of vesicular stomatitis virus, Semliki forest virus, and the host plasma membrane analyzed by quantitative shotgun mass spectrometry. J Virol 83, 7996-8003. [PubMed]

Kielian, M. (2014).  Mechanisms of Virus Membrane Fusion Proteins. Annual Review of Virology 1, 171-189. [PubMed]

Kielian, M., Chanel-Vos, C. & Liao, M. (2010).  Alphavirus Entry and Membrane Fusion. Viruses 2, 796-825. [PubMed]

Kielian, M., Chatterjee, P. K., Gibbons, D. L. & Lu, Y. E. (2000).  Specific roles for lipids in virus fusion and exit. Examples from the alphaviruses. Subcell Biochem 34, 409-455. [PubMed]

Kim, D. Y., Reynaud, J. M., Rasalouskaya, A., Akhrymuk, I., Mobley, J. A., Frolov, I. & Frolova, E. I. (2016).  New World and Old World alphaviruses have evolved to exploit different components of stress granules, FXR and G3BP proteins, for assembly of viral replication complexes. PLoS Pathog 12, e1005810. [PubMed]

Kononchik, J. P., Jr., Hernandez, R. & Brown, D. T. (2011).  An alternative pathway for alphavirus entry. Virol J 8, 304. [PubMed]

Kuhn, R. J. (2013).  Togaviridae. In Fields' Virology, pp. 629-650. Edited by D. M. Knipe & P. M. Howley. Philadelphia, USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 

La Linn, M., Gardner, J., Warrilow, D., Darnell, G. A., McMahon, C. R., Field, I., Hyatt, A. D., Slade, R. W. & Suhrbier, A. (2001).  Arbovirus of marine mammals: a new alphavirus isolated from the elephant seal louse, Lepidophthirus macrorhini. J Virol 75, 4103-4109. [PubMed]

Lee, S., Owen, K. E., Choi, H. K., Lee, H., Lu, G., Wengler, G., Brown, D. T., Rossmann, M. G. & Kuhn, R. J. (1996).  Identification of a protein binding site on the surface of the alphavirus nucleocapsid and its implication in virus assembly. Structure 4, 531-541. [PubMed]

Lemm, J. A., Rumenapf, T., Strauss, E. G., Strauss, J. H. & Rice, C. M. (1994).  Polypeptide requirements for assembly of functional Sindbis virus replication complexes: a model for the temporal regulation of minus- and plus-strand RNA synthesis. Embo j 13, 2925-2934. [PubMed]

Leparc-Goffart, I., Nougairede, A., Cassadou, S., Prat, C. & de Lamballerie, X. (2014).  Chikungunya in the Americas. Lancet 383, 514. [PubMed]

Li, L., Jose, J., Xiang, Y., Kuhn, R. J. & Rossmann, M. G. (2010).  Structural changes of envelope proteins during alphavirus fusion. Nature 468, 705-708. [PubMed]

Lu, Y. E. & Kielian, M. (2000).  Semliki forest virus budding: assay, mechanisms, and cholesterol requirement. J Virol 74, 7708-7719. [PubMed]

Lwande, O. W., Lutomiah, J., Obanda, V., Gakuya, F., Mutisya, J., Mulwa, F., Michuki, G., Chepkorir, E., Fischer, A., Venter, M. & Sang, R. (2013).  Isolation of tick and mosquito-borne arboviruses from ticks sampled from livestock and wild animal hosts in Ijara District, Kenya. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 13, 637-642. [PubMed]

Marquardt, M. T., Phalen, T. & Kielian, M. (1993).  Cholesterol is required in the exit pathway of Semliki Forest virus. J Cell Biol 123, 57-65. [PubMed]

Nasar, F., Palacios, G., Gorchakov, R. V., Guzman, H., Da Rosa, A. P., Savji, N., Popov, V. L., Sherman, M. B., Lipkin, W. I., Tesh, R. B. & Weaver, S. C. (2012).  Eilat virus, a unique alphavirus with host range restricted to insects by RNA replication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 109, 14622-14627. [PubMed]

Nunes, M. R., Faria, N. R., de Vasconcelos, J. M., Golding, N., Kraemer, M. U., de Oliveira, L. F., Azevedo Rdo, S., da Silva, D. E., da Silva, E. V., da Silva, S. P., Carvalho, V. L., Coelho, G. E., Cruz, A. C., Rodrigues, S. G., Vianez, J. L., Jr., Nunes, B. T., Cardoso, J. F., Tesh, R. B., Hay, S. I., Pybus, O. G. & Vasconcelos, P. F. (2015).  Emergence and potential for spread of Chikungunya virus in Brazil. BMC Med 13, 102. [PubMed]

Ou, J. H., Rice, C. M., Dalgarno, L., Strauss, E. G. & Strauss, J. H. (1982).  Sequence studies of several alphavirus genomic RNAs in the region containing the start of the subgenomic RNA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 79, 5235-5239. [PubMed]

Owen, K. E. & Kuhn, R. J. (1997).  Alphavirus budding is dependent on the interaction between the nucleocapsid and hydrophobic amino acids on the cytoplasmic domain of the E2 envelope glycoprotein. Virology 230, 187-196. [PubMed]

Park, S. L., Huang, Y. J., Hsu, W. W., Hettenbach, S. M., Higgs, S. & Vanlandingham, D. L. (2016).  Virus-specific thermostability and heat inactivation profiles of alphaviruses. J Virol Methods 234, 152-155. [PubMed]

Parkman, P. D. (1965).  Biological characteristics of rubella virus. Arch Gesamte Virusforsch 16, 401-411. [PubMed]

Pietilä, M. K., Hellstrom, K. & Ahola, T. (2017).  Alphavirus polymerase and RNA replication. Virus Research 234, 44-57. [PubMed]

Powers, A. M., Brault, A. C., Shirako, Y., Strauss, E. G., Kang, W., Strauss, J. H. & Weaver, S. C. (2001).  Evolutionary relationships and systematics of the alphaviruses. J Virol 75, 10118-10131. [PubMed]

Ramsey, J. & Mukhopadhyay, S. (2017).  Disentangling the frames, the state of research on the alphavirus 6K and TF proteins. Viruses 9. [PubMed]

Ramsey, J., Renzi, E. C., Arnold, R. J., Trinidad, J. C. & Mukhopadhyay, S. (2017).  Palmitoylation of Sindbis virus TF protein regulates its plasma membrane localization and subsequent incorporation into virions. J Virol 91. [PubMed]

Rozanov, M. N., Koonin, E. V. & Gorbalenya, A. E. (1992).  Conservation of the putative methyltransferase domain: a hallmark of the 'Sindbis-like' supergroup of positive-strand RNA viruses. J Gen Virol 73 ( Pt 8), 2129-2134. [PubMed]

Sanz, M. A., Perez, L. & Carrasco, L. (1994).  Semliki Forest virus 6K protein modifies membrane permeability after inducible expression in Escherichia coli cells. J Biol Chem 269, 12106-12110. [PubMed]

Sefton, B. M. (1977).  Immediate glycosylation of Sindbis virus membrane proteins. Cell 10, 659-668. [PubMed]

Shabman, R. S., Rogers, K. M. & Heise, M. T. (2008).  Ross River virus envelope glycans contribute to type I interferon production in myeloid dendritic cells. J Virol 82, 12374-12383. [PubMed]

Skoging, U., Vihinen, M., Nilsson, L. & Liljestrom, P. (1996).  Aromatic interactions define the binding of the alphavirus spike to its nucleocapsid. Structure 4, 519-529. [PubMed]

Snyder, J. E., Kulcsar, K. A., Schultz, K. L., Riley, C. P., Neary, J. T., Marr, S., Jose, J., Griffin, D. E. & Kuhn, R. J. (2013).  Functional characterization of the alphavirus TF protein. J Virol 87, 8511-8523. [PubMed]

Sokoloski, K. J., Dickson, A. M., Chaskey, E. L., Garneau, N. L., Wilusz, C. J. & Wilusz, J. (2010).  Sindbis virus usurps the cellular HuR protein to stabilize its transcripts and promote productive infections in mammalian and mosquito cells. Cell Host & Microbe 8, 196-207. [PubMed]

Sokoloski, K. J., Snyder, A. J., Liu, N. H., Hayes, C. A., Mukhopadhyay, S. & Hardy, R. W. (2013).  Encapsidation of host-derived factors correlates with enhanced infectivity of Sindbis virus. J Virol 87, 12216-12226. [PubMed]

Spuul, P., Balistreri, G., Kaariainen, L. & Ahola, T. (2010).  Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-, actin-, and microtubule-dependent transport of Semliki Forest Virus replication complexes from the plasma membrane to modified lysosomes. J Virol 84, 7543-7557. [PubMed]

Strauss, J. H. & Strauss, E. G. (1994).  The alphaviruses: gene expression, replication, and evolution. Microbiol Rev 58, 491-562. [PubMed]

Vancini, R., Hernandez, R. & Brown, D. (2015).  Alphavirus entry into host cells. Progress in Molecular Bology and Translational Science 129, 33-62. [PubMed]

Vaney, M. C., Duquerroy, S. & Rey, F. A. (2013).  Alphavirus structure: activation for entry at the target cell surface. Current opinion in virology 3, 151-158. [PubMed]

Vasiljeva, L., Merits, A., Golubtsov, A., Sizemskaja, V., Kaariainen, L. & Ahola, T. (2003).  Regulation of the sequential processing of Semliki Forest virus replicase polyprotein. J Biol Chem 278, 41636-41645. [PubMed]

Voss, J. E., Vaney, M. C., Duquerroy, S., Vonrhein, C., Girard-Blanc, C., Crublet, E., Thompson, A., Bricogne, G. & Rey, F. A. (2010).  Glycoprotein organization of Chikungunya virus particles revealed by X-ray crystallography. Nature 468, 709-712. [PubMed]

Weston, J. H., Welsh, M. D., McLoughlin, M. F. & Todd, D. (1999).  Salmon pancreas disease virus, an alphavirus infecting farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Virology 256, 188-195. [PubMed]

Wilkinson, T. A., Tellinghuisen, T. L., Kuhn, R. J. & Post, C. B. (2005).  Association of sindbis virus capsid protein with phospholipid membranes and the E2 glycoprotein: implications for alphavirus assembly. Biochemistry 44, 2800-2810. [PubMed]

Zhang, R., Hryc, C. F., Cong, Y., Liu, X., Jakana, J., Gorchakov, R., Baker, M. L., Weaver, S. C. & Chiu, W. (2011).  4.4 Å cryo-EM structure of an enveloped alphavirus Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. Embo j 30, 3854-3863. [PubMed]