Family: Turriviridae (interim Report)
This is a summary page created by the ICTV Report Editors using information from associated Taxonomic Proposals and the Master Species List.
Edited by: Mart Krupovic
Posted: October 2023
The family Turriviridae includes dsDNA viruses infecting hyperthermophilc archaea of Sulfolobus sp. (Table 1.Turriviridae). The family was established in 2014 (Master Species List #28).
Table 1.Turriviridae. Characteristics of members of the family Turriviridae.
|Example||Sulfolobus turreted icosahedral virus 1 (AY569307), species Sulfolobus turreted icosahedral virus 1, genus Alphaturrivirus|
|Virion||Turreted icosahedra (about 75 nm in diameter) with an internal membrane layer|
|Genome||Circular, dsDNA genome of 16–17 kbp|
|Host range||Hyperthermophilc and acidophilic archaea of the genus Saccharolobus|
|Taxonomy||Realm Varidnaviria, kingdom Bamfordvirae, phylum Preplasmiviricota, class Tectiliviricetes, order Belfryvirales: 1 genus and 2 species|
|Figure 1.Turriviridae. Genome organisation of Sulfolobus turreted icosahedral virus 1, a member of the family Turriviridae. Boxes indicate open reading frames as annotated on GenBank accession AY569307.|
|Figure 2.Turriviridae. Relationships of the taxa connected to the family Turriviridae.|
Derivation of name
Turriviridae: From Latin turris, for turret