Family: Shortaselviridae (interim Report)

This is a summary page created by the ICTV Report Editors using information from associated Taxonomic Proposals and the Master Species List.

Edited by: Mart Krupovic
Posted: April 2023


The family Shortaselviridae includes lytic, double-stranded DNA viruses that infect the hyperhalophilic archaeon Haloarcula sinaiiensis (Table 1.Shortaselviridae). The family Shortaselviridae was established in 2022 (Master Species List 37).

Table 1.Shortaselviridae. Characteristics of members of the family Shortaselviridae.

ExampleHaloarcula sinaiiensis tailed virus 1 (KC117378), species Lonfivirus HSTV1, genus Lonfivirus
VirionIcosahedral capsid of 60 nm in diameter and short tail of 50 nm in length (podovirus-like morphology)
GenomeLinear, dsDNA genome of 32 kbp, circularly permuted
Host rangeHyperhalophilic archaea of the species Haloarcula sinaiiensis
TaxonomyRealm Duplodnaviria, kingdom Heunggongvirae, phylum Uroviricota, class Caudoviricetes, order Kirjokansivirales: 1 genus and 1 species
Shortaselviridae genome
Figure 1.Shortaselviridae. Genome organisation of Haloarcula sinaiiensis tailed virus 1, a member of the family Shortaselviridae. Boxes indicate open reading frames as annotated on GenBank accession KC117378.
Shortaselviridae taxonomy
Figure 2.Shortaselviridae. Relationships of the taxa connected to the family Shortaselviridae.

Derivation of name

Shortaselviridae: referring to short tail and sel, the French word for salt.