Family: Shortaselviridae (interim)

This is a summary page created by the ICTV Report Editors using information from associated Taxonomic Proposals and the Master Species List.

Edited by: Mart Krupovic
Posted: April 2023


The family Shortaselviridae includes lytic, double-stranded DNA viruses that infect the hyperhalophilic archaeon Haloarcula sinaiiensis (Table 1.Shortaselviridae). The family Shortaselviridae was established in 2022 (Master Species List 37).

Table 1.Shortaselviridae. Characteristics of members of the family Shortaselviridae.




Haloarcula sinaiiensis tailed virus 1 (KC117378), species Lonfivirus HSTV1, genus Lonfivirus


Icosahedral capsid of 60 nm in diameter and short tail of 50 nm in length (podovirus-like morphology)


Linear, dsDNA genome of 32 kbp, circularly permuted

Host range

Hyperhalophilic archaea of the species Haloarcula sinaiiensis


Realm Duplodnaviria, kingdom Heunggongvirae, phylum Uroviricota, class Caudoviricetes, order Kirjokansivirales: 1 genus and 1 species

Shortaselviridae genome

Figure 1.Shortaselviridae. Genome organisation of Haloarcula sinaiiensis tailed virus 1, a member of the family Shortaselviridae. Boxes indicate open reading frames as annotated on GenBank accession KC117378.

Shortaselviridae taxonomy

Figure 2.Shortaselviridae. Relationships of the taxa connected to the family Shortaselviridae.

Derivation of name

Shortaselviridae: referring to short tail and sel, the French word for salt.