Family: Megabirnaviridae

Genus: Megabirnavirus


Distinguishing features

Since only one genus is currently recognized, the genus description corresponds to the family description 

Members of the genus Megabirnavirus infect filamentous fungi. The exemplar member of the species Megabirnavirus ichi has a bisegmented dsRNA genome of 7.2–8.9 kbp including a long UTRs (1.6–1.7 kb) upstream of the 5-proximal ORF on the coding strands. The genome is encapsidated into non-enveloped spherical particles of approximately 50 nm in diameter. The RNA-directed RNA polymerase (RdRP) is translated from bicistronic transcripts of dsRNA1 as a CP-RdRP fusion product via programmed −1 ribosomal frameshifting. 

Species demarcation criteria

Members of different species are less than 70% identical in RdRP amino acid sequence.

Related, unclassified viruses 

See discussion under family description