History of the taxon:

Etymology of the name:

Taxon: Picornaviridae; Proposal: ICTV 1st Report; : ; ICTV Report: Picornaviridae; Reference: PMID: 21413259

from poliovirus, insensitivity to ether, coxsackievirus, orphan virus, rhinovirus, and ribonucleic acid; or from the Spanish pico, meaning "a small balance" i.e. unit of measurement and RNA, for ribonucleic acid, referring to the small RNA genome of viruses in the family; the suffix -viridae for family taxa