Family: Suolaviridae (interim Report)

This is a summary page created by the ICTV Report Editors using information from associated Taxonomic Proposals and the Master Species List.

Edited by: Mart Krupovic
Posted: April 2023


The family Suolaviridae includes dsDNA viruses that infect hyperhalophilic archaea of the genus Halorubrum (Table 1.Suolaviridae). The family Suolaviridae was established in 2022 (Master Species List 37).

Table 1.Suolaviridae. Characteristics of members of the family Suolaviridae.

ExampleHalorubrum tailed virus 28 (MZ334528), species Pormufvirus HRTV28, genus Pormufvirus
VirionIcosahedral capsid and a non-contractile helical tail (siphoviral morphology)
GenomeLinear dsDNA genome of 35 kbp
Host rangehyperhalophilic archaea of the genus Halorubrum
TaxonomyRealm Duplodnaviria, kingdom Heunggongvirae, phylum Uroviricota, class Caudoviricetes: 1 genus and 1 species
Suoloaviridae genome
Figure 1.Suolaviridae. Genome organisation of Halorubrum tailed virus 28, a member of the family Suolaviridae. Boxes indicate open reading frames as annotated on GenBank accession MZ334528.
Suoloaviridae taxonomy
Figure 2.Suolaviridae. Relationships of the taxa connected to the family Suolaviridae.

Derivation of name

Suolaviridae: from the Finnish word suola, for salt.