Family: Soleiviridae (interim Report)

This is a summary page created by the ICTV Report Editors using information from associated Taxonomic Proposals and the Master Species List.

Edited by: Mart Krupovic
Posted: April 2023


The family Soleiviridae includes dsDNA viruses that infect a hyperhalophilic archaeon of the genus Haloarcula (Table 1.Soleiviridae). The family Soleiviridae was established in 2022 (Master Species List 37).

Table 1.Soleiviridae. Characteristics of members of the family Soleiviridae.

ExampleHaloarcula tailed virus 2 (MZ334525), species Eilatmyovirus HATV2, genus Eilatmyovirus
VirionIcosahedral capsid and long contractile tail (myovirus-like morphology)
GenomeLinear, dsDNA genome of 63 kbp, direct terminal repeats
Host rangeHyperhalophilic archaeon of the genus Haloarcula
TaxonomyRealm Duplodnaviria, kingdom Heunggongvirae, phylum Uroviricota, class Caudoviricetes, order Thumleimavirales: 1 genus and 1 species
Soleiviridae genome
Figure 1.Soleiviridae. Genome organisation of Haloarcula tailed virus 2, a member of the family Soleiviridae. Boxes indicate open reading frames as annotated on GenBank accession MZ334525.
Soleivirida taxonomy
Figure 2.Soleiviridae. Relationships of the taxa connected to the family Soleiviridae.

Derivation of name

Soleiviridae: Truncation of solar [saltern] and Eilat (referring to the place of isolation).